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In April 2008 I joined the Austrian herpetological field team from for a 10 day trip across Andalusia in southern Spain to find several endemic amphibians and reptiles as well as a number of other species. Our 11 man strong team resulted in finding almost all of the species present in southern Spain thanks to all of our dedicated enthusiasm. Our first base was Arcos de la Frontera in western Andalusia from which we explored the Sierra Morena and los Alcornocales as well as coastal areas close to Huelva, Cadiz and Doñana National Park.

Our team (C) Wolfgang Similinger

Table 1: Number of specimens of reptiles and amphibians found in Andalusia, 9th-18th April

Latin nameCommon nameSpecimens
Salamandra salamandraFire salamander1 DOR + larva
Pleurodeles waltiSharp- ribbed newt3
Triturus boscaiBosca’s newtcommon
Triturus pygmaeusSouthern marbled newt2
Discoglossus galganoiIberian painted frog10+
Pelobates cultripesWestern spadefoot toad1 DOR
Pelodytes ibericusIberian parsley frog20+
Bufo bufoCommon toad3
Bufo calamitaNatterjack toad5
Hyla meridionalisMediterranean tree frogcommon
Pelophylax pereziIberian water frogVery common
Mauremys leprosaSpanish terrapin10
Blanus cinereusIberian worm lizard30+
Chameleo chameleonMediterranean chameleon8
Chalcides bedriagaiBedriaga’s skinkfew
Chalcides striatusWestern three-toad skink15+
Hemidactylus turcicusTurkish geckofew
Tarentola mauritanicaMoorish geckocommon
Acanthodactylus erythurusSpiny-footed lizardfew
Timon lepidusOcellated lizard10
Podarcis hispanicusSpanish wall lizardfew
Podarcis vaucheriVaucher’s wall lizardfew
Psammodromus algirusLarge psammodromuscommon
Hemorrhois hippocrepisHorseshoe whip snake4
Rhinechis scalarisLadder snake1 DOR 1 live
Malpolon monpessulanusMontpellier snake11
Macroprotodon brevisFalse smooth snake8
Natrix mauraViperine snake30+
Vipera latasteiLataste’s viper1
Natterjack toad (Bufo calamita)
Iberian worm lizard (Blanus cinereus)
Coto Donana
Habitat of Mediterranean Chameleon (Chameleo chameleon)
Mediterranean chameleon (Chameleo chameleon) a prime target for evil collectors
Mediterranean chameleon (Chameleo chameleon) in his own tree where he belongs
Spanish terrapin (Mauremys leprosa)
Funnel web spider (Macrothele calpeiana) probably the most dangerous in Europe
Habitat of False smooth snake (Macroprotodon brevis)
False smooth snake (Macroprotodon brevis)
Western three-toed skink (Chalcides striatus)
Spiny-footed lizard (Acanthodactylus erythurus)
A young chameleon (Chameleo chameleon)
Reddish Natterjack toad (Bufo calamita)
The town of Ronda
Ocellated lizard (Timon lepidus)
Bedriaga’s skink (Chalcides bedriagai)
Habitat of Painted frog (Discoglossus galganoi)
Iberian Painted frog (Discoglossus galganoi)
Viperine snake (Natrix maura)
Roadside habitat of Sharp-ribbed newt (Pleurodeles walti)
Sharp-ribbed newt (Pleurodeles walti)
Sharp-ribbed newt (Pleurodeles walti)
Ocellated lizard (Timon lepidus)
Larvae of Fire salamander (Salamandra salamandra)
Juvenile Iberian parsley frog (Pelodytes ibericus)
The only Lataste’s viper (Vipera latastei) found on the trip
Lataste’s viper (Vipera latastei)Big Ocellated lizard (Timon lepidus)
Western three-toed skink (Chalcide striatus)
Horseshoe whip snake (Hemorrhois hippocrepis)
Southern tree frog (Hyla meridionalis)  Vaucher’s wall lizard (Podarcis vaucheri)

Granada- Loja- Salobreña

For the second part of our trip we stayed in the province of Granada and in general were able to find more reptiles in this area, whereas we found the areas of western Andalusia better for amphibians.

Pond with Southern marbled newt (Triturus pygmaeus)
Male marbled newt (Triturus pygmaeus)
Female marbled newt (Triturus pygmaeus)
Common toad (Bufo bufo)
Horseshoe whip snake (Hemorrhois hippocrepis)
Ladder snake (Rhinechis scalaris)
Ladder snake (Rhinechis scalaris)
Ladder snake (Rhinechis scalaris)
Montpellier snake (Malpolon monspessulanus)
Montpellier snake (Malpolon monspessulanus)
Montpellier snake (Malpolon monspessulanus)
False smooth snake (Macroprotodon brevis)
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